From an attentive reading of the practitioner-driven literature, this essay questions the reasons why the dominant discourse on science diplomacy highlights practices based on international co-operation and the pursuit of shared interests but pays little attention to practices which are inspired by a spirit of competition. It advances hypotheses related to the professional profiles of those who built the definitions and shaped this discourse, and who are scientists. It underlines the need to provide a broader definition of science diplomacy, by recognising its double nature, both collaborative and competitive.
Keywords: science diplomacy; international scientific co-operation; national interests; cultural bias; competition
Open Access

Pierre-Bruno Ruffini

05 Aug 2020

Collaboration and Competition: The Twofold Logic of Science Diplomacy