The challenges of linking scientific collaboration with intergovernmental diplomacy are certainly enormous. However, the G7 states have initiated a process that offers a valuable test case on the conceptual and practical merits of Science Diplomacy in the management of international spaces beyond national jurisdiction. The article explores the 2015 G7 proposal for a global ocean observing initiative and the challenges and opportunities that may arise vis-à-vis interstate competition and cooperation. Given that states use data and information from the oceans to compete as well as cooperate, the article argues that science diplomacy is a useful conceptual tool to reflect on and shape relations between scientific and policy communities. It concludes that the proposed global ocean observing initiative is a valuable test case for the role of science in shaping interstate relations in their governing of ocean spaces beyond national jurisdiction.

Fritz (2016).Observations, Diplomacy, and the Future of Ocean Governance.

Available here.

Observations, Diplomacy, and the Future of Ocean Governance