This empirical-based research paper tries to classify the current role of the European Commission in the field of external research policies as compared to the Member States traditionally in charge of it. The article draws on the conceptual framework of multi-level governance, in particular the distinction between Type I and Type II governance systems. The aim is to show that the well-established setups for science policy and foreign affairs in the EU at present channel most of the Commission’s activities in ways that not run counter to the interests of the Member States. The institutionally set parameters entail a focus on existing programs and activities.

Nicolas Rüffin (2020).EU science diplomacy in a contested space of multi-level governance: Ambitions, constraints and options for action,Research Policy,Volume 49, Issue 1:

Available here.


EU Science Diplomacy in a contested space of multi-level governance